|Cold Deserts of the World
main form of precipitation in a cold desert is snow or fog.
Cold Deserts of the World
|Some Plants &
Coasts of Peru and Chile
|Covered by sand dunes and pebbles. One of
the driest areas on earth.
||bunchgrass, cardon cactus, tamaruga trees
lizards, llama, Peruvian fox, nesting area for many seabirds
|Only a few thousand people (mostly farmers)
live in the inland desert areas.
Large deposits of sodium nitrate are found in the desert.
Sodium nitrate is used to make gunpowder.
Northern China and Southern Mongolia
|Covered by sandy soil and areas of small stones
||camel's thorn, grasses
bactrian bamel, gazelle, gerbil, jerboa, lizards, onager,
|Crossed by Genghis Khan in the early 13th
century. Many nomads now settling on government-run farms.
Western United States (Idaho, Nevada, Oregon, and
|Covered by sand, gravel, and clay.
Many moutains ranges, basins, and large expanses of salt
|greasewood, sagebrush, shadscale
bighorn sheep, jackrabbit, pocket mouse, poor-will, pronghorn
antelope, sage thrasher, side-blotched lizard
|Great Salt Lake located here.
Iran, Afghanistan, and Pakistan
|Covered by coarse gray soil, stony pavement,
and salt flats.
||grasses, pistachio trees, shrubs
monitor lizard, onager, oryx, scorpion
|World's largest salt flat located here.
Coasts of Southwestern Africa
|Covered by sand dunes along the coast and
gravel farther inland.
||aloe, bunchgrass, lichens, welwitschia
darkling beetle, fringe-toed lizard, golden mole, jackal,
sidewinder, viper, web-footed gecko
|Coast of the Namib Desert is world's greatest
source of gemstones.
|Covered by sand dunes and rocky soil.
bactrian camel, jerboa, long-eared hedgehog, gazelle
|The word "Takla Makan" means "place from which
there is no return."
Crossed by Marco Polo in the 13th Century.
Parts of the Middle East and Southwestern Russia
|Covered mostly by extensive stretches of sand
||alhagi shrub, saxaul tree, sedges, thick ground
desert tortoise, gazelle, gerbil, saiga antelope
|Crossed by caravans following silk route from
China in Europe in ancient times.
The great city of Samarkand, once a cultural and religious
center of central Asia, was located here.
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